How to Get a Working visa in Japan without university degree
Young, motivated, maybe even with work experience under the belt – and ready to move your life to Japan. The only issue: you never graduated from university. Is there really no way around it?
The crux with working visa
Getting a working visa in Japan always follows the same pattern. A company wants to hire you, they agree to sponsor your visa, and the immigration office confirms whether all the documents are in order and checks that you graduated university.
You might find a company that would love to hire you and is willing to sponsor a working visa, but without the university graduation they cannot do it. In the country where around 90% of its population went to university, anyone who did not is structurally excluded from working visa.
The fact that other countries have institutions similar to Japan’s senmon gakko (専門学校, vocational school), that for some professions university degrees are simply not available, that people with apprenticeships may be better designers than the design bachelor with the ink on his graduation papers still drying – all these things don’t matter, as long as your professional education didn’t happen at a place labeled university or college.
Specified Skills Visa
This new visa makes it possible to work in specific professions and industries even without a degree. Available positions are mostly in nursing, construction, gastronomy, agriculture, and other areas hit the most by Japan’s beginning labor shortage. Depending on each field, profession-specific skills may be required. Visas are usually granted for 5 years but extensions are possible.
Visa for people with working experience
Japan does have a special working visa for skilled labor, so if you are a cook, sports trainer, jeweler or the like you can get a working visa for Japan. There is bad news again though, these visa are only for a limited variety of professions and only for “masters of their craft”, speak professionals with more than 10 years of relevant working experience. At this rate, it would be faster to just go back to school and get a university degree.
Not a tourist: Working Holiday or student
Going back to school is a legitimate option, just do so in Japan. Enrolling at one of Japan’s universities or senmon gakko (often only 2 years) would be a straightforward solution if you can afford the college fees. That way you get your university graduation, can really get your Japanese down, live in Japan for years, work part-time and learn something for life.
Attending a Japanese Language school is another possibility (up to 2 years). For those lucky enough to live in the right countries, like Australia, a Working Holiday is the easiest way to live and work in Japan for some time (6-12 months).
Investor/ Business Manager
How about starting your own company? Entrepreneurial types with more than ¥5million capital and a detailed business plan, can start their own companies in Japan. This involves a lot of tough paperwork, but a college diploma is not part of the requirements.
It is possible to sponsor your own visa, but this option requires time to prepare and comes with conditions attached.
Self-sponsorship is possible for the following professions: artist, journalist, researcher, engineer, specialist in humanities/international services, skilled labor.
All you need to do is prove that you earn at least ¥3 million a year through freelance work or however many part-time jobs you can manage. All the work you do needs to fall into one single visa category.
Sounds good, but checking the detailed conditions for self-sponsorship can make one want to wave the white flag.
The most common way to get self-sponsorship at the beginning of your career is AFTER having been employed by a Japanese company with a working visa for at least one year. Back to square one with the degree. Out. Generally, a college degree is required to be eligible for self-sponsorship. Out.
Now there is a middle way: if you have some working experience of at least three years in a certain field, for instance, translation, web design, etc., then you are also eligible for self-sponsorship. Some professions like engineers are excluded, requiring the 10 years of experience.
In this case get in touch with Japanese companies and be persistent when dealing with the immigration office. It is possible to apply from abroad.
Yet another option is to join a company in your home country that has offices in Japan, and hope to get transferred to their Japan office after a while. These assignments are often 1-3years, giving you enough time to experience the country. During your stay other opportunities might open up, who knows.
What should you do?
Exchange programs, scholarships, and other short-term options remain great opportunities to experience Japan beyond the façade that tourists see. Even these short stays give a reality check and can make or break the desire to work in Japan. Short and mid-terms stays are a great opportunity to start your job search, since it is a lot easier to find employment in Japan if you are on site and available for face-to-face meetings.
For many the new specified skills visa will finally make it possible to find employment in Japan. Check out the requirements for the field you are interested in early on, so you can get language or others skills if necessary.
To anyone who is still in school and wants to work in Japan I’d still recommend to get that university degree if you can. The major or grades don’t really matter, but this one piece of paper will open a lot more doors for you.
Business manners, the intricacies of the job-hunting process in Japan, all these are things you can learn, if necessary even in a short amount of time. Having a degree and strong Japanese skills are the two main factors your job application hinges on. Make them a priority to get a good job in Japan.